National Museum
Contact Details

Address : Na Phra That Rd., Phra Borommaharachawang Sub-district, Phra Nakhon District,Bangkok 10200 Next to Thammasat University and The National Theatre

Telephone : +66 2224 1370

Operating day : Wednesday - Sunday

Operating time : 09.00 - 16.00

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Attraction Details
Category : Museums

The first Thailand museum was set up in the reign of His Majesty King Mongkut, King Rama IV as the royal private museum in the Grand Palace. In the reign of His Majesty King Chulalongkorn, King Rama V, he ordered to establish the museum inside the Grand Palace that was open to the public for the first time and was marked as the birth of the first Thailand National Museum. In 1887, King Rama V ordered to move the museum to the front palace, and subsequently developed into the Bangkok National Museum nowadays.    Bangkok National Museum is the first National Museum in Thailand, established in 1859 to exhibit and showcase Thailand history, Art history, Archaeology and Ethnology.    The Bangkok National Museum currently houses three permanent exhibition galleries. The Thai History Gallery exhibits in the front of the Siwamokhaphiman Hall The Archaeological and Art History collection showcases items divided into periods of time;  The Prehistorical Period Gallery is exhibited in the back of the Siwamokhaphiman Hall. The Historical Period Gallery 1) Mahasurasinghanat Building displays the exhibition with order from Dvaravati, Srivijaya, Lopburi periods. 2) “Prapatphiphitthaphan Building displays the exhibition with order from Sukhothai, Ayutthaya to Rattanakosin periods.  The Decorative Arts and Ethnological Collection are displayed in the old central palace buildings. This collection contains a variety of artistic, cultural and ethnological objects such as gold treasures and precious stones, mother of pearl inlay, costumes and textiles, ceramics, carved ivory, old royal transportation, old weapons and musical instruments, Khon masks, puppets, etc. Other exhibits of interest include the Cremation Chariot Hall which houses various Thai royal funeral chariot used for royal cremation ceremonies. Moreover, there are many excellent examples of Thai architecture in the Early Rattanakosin Era in the area of Bangkok National Musuem. These include;  the Buddhaisawan chapel which houses the important Buddha image ‘Phra Buddha Sihing’; a ‘red' house called Tam Nak Deang which is furnished in the early Bangkok period style.

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