Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
Chao Sam Praya National Museum houses various archaeological objects and antiques discovered in Ayudhya province. These objects, including ancient treasures from Ratburana Temple, Mahatat Temple, and Sri Suriyothai Chedi, are invaluable in terms of historical and cultural importance for historians and archaeologists alike. Read more
Apart from being the location where the Buddha’s relics are enshrined, Wat Pramahatad is also the place where statues of the Kattukam and Rammatep kings are kept. This is an ancient temple with a delicate structure. It has been maintained by the Ayudhya Kings and the Rattanakosin reign. Read more
After the second fall of Ayutthaya, most of the temples and palaces were destroyed. However, Nag Phra Men Temple was the only one not burnt down because it was located close to the royal palace around which the Burmese army billeted. The temple was built in 1504, the era of Somdet Phra Ramathibodi II. King Rama III ordered its reconstruction including the chapel. Read more
Wat Tammikarat is a royal temple surrounded by many large pillars. It is one of the biggest royal temples of the Ayudhya Kingdom. Despite some damage, it still shows traces of embellishment. Originally, it was the enshrinement of Luang Por Tammikarat – the villagers called him Luang Por Kae (old) since he had an old face. One of the biggest Buddha images made by U-thong artisans is today preserved in the Jao Sampraya National Museum. Read more
SACICT covers a large area on the banks of the Chao Phraya River. There are also other interesting places such as Pla palace, Suan Nok (bird garden). An event is held by the SACICT at the Chao Phraya River annually during Loy Krathong festival, which is very popular. Read more
The Ayutthaya period is considered one of the most glorious eras of Thai history. In 1976 the ruins of the magnificent city became the national heritage called Ayutthaya Historical Park for later generations of Thai people to admire. In 1991, UNESCO announced the city of Ayutthaya as a World Heritage Site.
The realm lasted for 417 years, with 33 kings from five dynasties; Ou-Thong, Supanapoom, Sukothai, Prasatthong, and Baanpluluang. It is the longest-lasting capital in Thai history with King Ou-Thong as the first king of the era.
There are thousands of historical sites in the province of Ayutthaya which covers an area of 1,810 Rai. Therefore, traveling in this old capital requires time and determination. In the past, tourists usually came to visit only places near the centre of the city like Wat Praseesanpet, whose importance is equivalent to Sukothai’s Wat Mahatat or Bangkok’s Wat Phra Kaew. Also, the ancient royal palace that contained important thrones of Wihansomdet, Sunpetprasaat, and Suriyat-Amarin was also a nearby attraction that drew many tourists. Another interesting spot was the exotic sandstone Buddha’s head covered with intertwining roots. Lastly, Wat Ratburana, which was built by King Baromarajadiraj the Second (Chao Sam Praya), was a famous temple of the Ayutthaya period where the Oath of Allegiance Ceremony was assumed to have taking place.
After finishing the city island, tourists then crossed the river to the eastern side of the island where the old capital is believed to be located. Situated there is Wat Yai Chaimongkol with its prominent chedi and Wat Panancherng with the oldest statue of Buddha in a Manwichai posture “Luang Poh Tau”. The statue is believed to have been cast twenty years prior to the establishment of the Ayutthaya kingdom.
At present, many of the ancient temples are now open for visitors. They incorporate Wat Samanagotharam, Wat Gudidao, Wat Jakkrawat, Wat Ayothaya, and Wat Dusitaram. The unique architecture of these temples includes huge bell-shaped chedi decorated with lotus-shaped stucco.
On the northern side, the chedi of Wat Mae Nang Pluem is surrounded with beautifully carved stucco lions. Wat Naapramane is an ancient temple in the most perfect condition with an exquisite principle Buddha image.
The last spot is the western side of the island. Wat Puttaisawan is a temple built by King Ou-Thong as a temporary palace before the establishment of the Ayutthaya kingdom. Not far from it, Wat Chaiwattanaram is situated near the river bank with its reflection bearing a resemblance to the great Angkor Wat of Cambodia.