Chao Sam Praya National Museum
Behold the treasure of the late Ayudhya Kings
Location: Rojana Road, Ayudhya province
Chao Sam Praya National Museum houses various archaeological objects and antiques discovered in Ayudhya province. These objects, including ancient treasures from Ratburana Temple, Mahatat Temple, and Sri Suriyothai Chedi, are invaluable in terms of historical and cultural importance for historians and archaeologists alike. The showrooms in the museum are tastefully designed and two new buildings have been recently constructed.
In 1956, the treasure of Ratburana Temple was looted. The treasure was recovered and found to contain over a hundred kilograms of gold. Many of the Buddha amulets, found among the gold and other things, were sold to villagers and the profits were used to construct the museum’s first building. Gold and other antiques have been kept and shown since. The site was named “Chao Sam Praya” to honour King Sam Praya who built Ratburana Temple. King Bhumibhol and Queen Sirikit opened the museum in 1961.
What to see: The gold ornament showroom is located on the second floor of the first building. Over a hundred pieces of gold ornament displayed in the hall perfectly illustrate the prosperity of the Ayudhya era. The hall is divided into three rooms according to the treasure’s original locations: Ratburana Temple, Mahatat Temple, and Sri Suriyothai Chedi. Each piece is exquisitely adorned with multi-colored gemstones. Various sizes of Buddha images are also displayed here with explanations describing the era and the place of discovery. The delicate craftwork of ancient artisans is shown here as well.
An Indian cultural influence is manifested in the second building. A map of the route from India to China and Thailand indicates the unique culture of Ayudhya as shown in marble and bronze Buddha images in different postures.
The third building features country life. Folklore, tools, and the lifestyles of Ayudhya people, many of which have disappeared are exhibited in a well-organized area. Such objects represent how life today has so greatly changed from the past.